This is a 10-month-old child with extensive laryngeal papilloma. He was seen because of noisy breathing. When he breathed in, the papilloma would suck into his larynx and partially obstruct his airway.
He ended up requiring surgery almost once a month in order to maintain his airway.
A young female who develop hoarseness during pregnancy. The bumpy, red dotted growths on her vocal cord are caused by the virus papilloma. She did not want to have surgery during pregnancy and 4 months later, the papilloma has grown to block off more for airway. She actually can still breathe reasonably well through the small opening.
Leukoplakia of the left vocal cord. 40 years ago he quit smoking after 10 years of cigarettes. He came in with a lesion on his left vocal cord. After one month, the lesion was still there, perhaps a bit larger. It is viewed here with false color imaging to highlight the blood vessels.
A white spot - leukoplakia - on the left vocal cord appearing several weeks after removal of a small vocal cord cancer (a squamous cell carcinoma). Because the white patch prevents complete closure of the vocal cord, air leaks around the white patch causing a husky hoarseness.
This person developed a hoarseness several years before I saw him and had a cancer of the larynx. We remove this surgically and have been following him closely every few months for any recurrence. At more than a year after removal, the right vocal cord appears normal in structure, although it is stiff during attempted vibrations.