A vocal over user who speaks publicly several times per week has developed pain on the left side of his neck for the past month. The pain is from the left vocal process ulceration. He quit smoking cigarettes/tobacco almost 10 years ago.
He has used tobacco and alcohol and declined a biopsy of the lesion so I am not certain of the pathology. The leukoplakia is very exophytic and reminds me of verrucous keratosis. This could represent squamous cell carcinoma as well.
51-year-old who has smoked one pack a day for 30 years and consumed significant amount of alcohol is noted a hoarse voice, throat pain and has coughed up some blood.
The slightly raised area on the center of the right vocal cord is very stiff on stroboscopy.
Patient with two years of hoarseness. She has sarcoid of her skin for many years which has been treated with steroid injections. She underwent biopsies of her vocal cords which showed non-caseating granulomas and chronic inflammation consistent with sarcoid.